Why Electric Vehicles Are Not The Final Solution (Yet)

A blue rimac nevera

Within the last few years, EV (electric vehicle) production and demands have massively increased with more and more manufacturers jumping into the market. EV’s are marketed as emission free, go green modes of transport and so, is appealing to the masses. While EV’s are emission free (not exactly), promise better performance and are supposed to be the next era of automobiles, they still have some problems. This article dives into the reason why electric vehicles are not the final solution, yet. Following is why:

IN SHORT:

  • Infrastructure Degradation
  • EV fires
  • Battery Disposal
  • Problems regarding emissions
  • Prices and availability in the used market
  • Few options
  • Effect of weather and terrain on range
  • Charging Network

1. Environmental Problems:

a dark blue tesla model S

-Infrastructure Degradation:

Electric Vehicles have large battery packs. Such batteries make even a compact EV much heavier than a traditional car with a combustion engine. Say a decade or two from now when the majority of the traffic will consist of electric cars, the consistent weight bearing will subject roads to quicker wear and tear. Bridges will receive more stress than usual, and this will result in infrastructure degradation. For reference, a Tesla Model S weighs above 4500 pounds, while something like an all-electric heavy-duty truck would be ridiculously heavy.

-EV Fires:

One of the things electric cars are notorious for, are fires. You might have heard the “tesla fires'” phrase on the internet. The reason why a EV fire is more notorious than a normal ICE car is because once a cell in its battery pack catches fire, it spreads to neighboring cells, and a phenomenon called thermal runaway takes place. There is a rapid increase in temperature. These reasons cause a fire that is much difficult to put out. Sometimes such fires last for days and may require more than 10 times the normal amount of water to put out. This is a security concern.

-Battery Disposal:

EV battery packs are basically lithium-ion. Over the years, the cells discharge, and the battery degrades, reducing charging capacity, hence an expensive battery replacement is required. The old batteries are disposed of or are recycled. When lithium-ion is disposed of, it does not decompose, causing a negative environmental impact. However, this problem shall soon be rectified considering that battery-recycling technology is quickly improving.

-Problems Regarding Emissions:

Emissions are calculated from the production of fuel till when it leaves the exhaust. While EV’s have zero tailpipe emissions which is a great plus point, it is the “production of fuel” phase where things get funky. You see, the fuel is produced the same regular way, which means fossil fuels, nuclear energy, etc. is converted into electricity. The emissions in this stage defeat the concept of going green, however the achievement of zero tailpipe emissions must be acknowledged, making EV’s superior compared to ICE (internal combustion engine) cars in this field.


2. Other Problems:

a porsche taycan

-Prices/Used Market:

This might not be a problem for everyone but is still a necessary thing to discuss. Considering EV’s have not been in the market for as long as ICE cars. They tend to be expensive. The used car market is also not vast enough and the used ones have degraded batteries making buying a used EV a tough choice.

-Options:

Considering the electric market is a lot newer, there are not many options, especially in the budget category. However, this might not be a complaint in a few years, considering how fast every manufacturer is jumping in.

-Terrain/Weather Effect:

Terrain and the weather have an effect on an electric car’s range. If the temperature is more extreme and so is the terrain, the range will reduce drastically. This may cause range anxiety which may be perceived as a down for EV’s.


3. The Final Verdict:

a see through diagram of a taycan with visible batteries

Before I say anything else, I must state that I hold nothing against electric cars. They are the next phase and offer many advantages over conventional ICE cars. They can surpass may problems that limit combustion engines. The 2,000 HP Rimac Nevera is a perfect example of that. The reasons why I didn’t discuss the positive aspects is because they are well known, however there is a reason why EV’s receive hate and this post explains that. The problems discussed are not major, they can easily be rectified. Many companies are already taking steps. All electric cars need is time and practice, and the best way of practice is to keep producing and refining them.


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